In his article ‘The End of History?’, originally published in the journal The National Interest in Summer 1989, Frances Fukuyama argued that ‘the triumph of the West, of the Western idea, is evident first of all in the total exhaustion of viable systemic alternatives to Western liberalism.’ It was in this respect that history had reached its ‘end’: the course of history in the sense of ‘mankind’s logical evolution’ had arrived at ‘the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government’ (Fukuyama, p. 4). Despite all the suggestion of apocalypse in its title, Fukuyama’s essay is actually quite upbeat. The answer to all our problems is already here. And yet, in his final paragraph, he strikes a melancholy note: „David Anderson: THE ‘END OF HISTORY’ REVISITED: Christa Wolf’s ‘Kassandra’ and Jeanette Winterson’s ‘Sexing the Cherry’“ weiterlesen
Schlagwort: Vergleichende Literaturwissenschaft
David Anderson: ‘Novel-seeming goods’: RE-READING SALMAN RUSHDIE’S ‘MIDNIGHT’S CHILDREN’ AND PATRICK SÜSKIND’S ‘DAS PARFUM’ 40 YEARS LATER
In a 1984 essay, the American critic Fredric Jameson famously diagnosed postmodernism to be ‘the cultural logic of late capitalism’. Among its distinguishing features was a new mode of ‘aesthetic populism’ grounded in an
effacement […] of the older (essentially high-modernist) frontier between high culture and so-called mass or commercial culture, and the emergence of new kinds of texts infused with the forms, categories and contents of that very Culture Industry so passionately denounced by all the ideologues of the modern.
A new alignment between the twin spheres of culture and the marketplace meant that ‘aesthetic production today has become integrated into commodity production generally’. Wherever one looked, one saw ‘the frantic economic urgency of producing fresh waves of ever more novel-seeming goods (from clothing to airplanes), at ever greater waves of turnover’ (Jameson, p. 56). „David Anderson: ‘Novel-seeming goods’: RE-READING SALMAN RUSHDIE’S ‘MIDNIGHT’S CHILDREN’ AND PATRICK SÜSKIND’S ‘DAS PARFUM’ 40 YEARS LATER“ weiterlesen